Arrested Persons' Rights :-
The police personnel carrying out the arrest and handling the interrogation of the arrestee should wear accurate, visible and clear identification and name tags with their designations. The particulars of all such police personnel who handle interrogation of the arrestee must be recorded in a register.
1. Everyone has the right to liberty and security of the person. Everyone has the right to liberty of movement.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law from arbitrary or unlawful interference privacy, family, home or correspondence and unlawful attacks on honour and reputation.
3. Arrest is depriving a person of his of her liberty, or otherwise expressed as "the act of apprehending a person for the alleged commission of an offence or by the action of an authority". No law enforcement official shall make any arrest which is unlawful or unnecessary.
That the police officer carrying out the arrest of the arrestee shall prepare a memo of arrest at the time of arrest and such memo shall be attested by at least one witness, who may either be a member of the family of the arrestee or a respectable person of the locality from where the arrest is made. It shall also be countersigned by the arrestee and shall contain the time and date of arrest.
4. The arrestee may be permitted to meet his lawyer during interrogation, though not throughout the interrogation
5. Copies of all the documents including the memo of arrest, referred to above, should be sent to Illaqa Magistrate for his record
6. The person arrested must be made aware of this right to have some one informed of his arrest or detention as soon as he is put under arrest or is detention
7. The arrestee should, where he so requests, be also examined at the time of his arrest and major and minor injuries, if any present on his/her body, must be recorded at that time. The “Inspection Memo” must be singed both by the arrestee and the police officer effecting the arrest and its copy provided to the arrestee.
Children's Rights :-
The UN convention on the Rights of Child which lndia ratified in 1992, lists the following as the Rights of the child.
The Right to Survival
According to the convention, the "Right to survival includes the right to life, the attainable standard of health, nutrition and an adequate standard of living. It also includes the right to a name and nationality". These rights seek to ensure that the children have nutritious food, potable drinking water, a secure home and access to health facilities.
The Right to Protection
According to the convention, this right includes freedom from all forms of exploitation, abuse and inhuman or degrading treatment. This Includes the right to special protection in situations of emergency and armed conflict. The aim is simple, to protect vulnerable children from those who would take advantage of them and to safeguard their minds and bodies.
The Right to Development
The right includes the right to be educated, to receive support for development and care during early childhood and to social security. It also includes the right to leisure, to recreation and to cultural activities. This right seeks to ensure that children can study and play with whomever they want, practice their own religion and culture and accept their own uniqueness of other cultures and religion.
The Right to Participation
According to the convention, the Right to participation accords the child access to appropriate information and the freedom of thought and expression, conscience and religion. In addition to this, one ought to respect the views of the child. The aim here is to see that the children are able to develop their own set of values and principles and that they have the opportunity to express themselves and their own opinions.
Special Rights :-Rights of Citizen under Trials
Everyone charged with a criminal offence is entitled to a fair and public hearing, by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal. It is the duty of all governmental institutions, including the police, to respect and observe the independence of the judiciary.
No one, including law enforcement officials shall attempt to influence a judge's decision through improper restrictions , offers, pressures, threats or any other interference, for any reason.
When there is a reason to believe that evidence was obtained by unlawful methods all necessary steps should be taken to ensure that those responsible for using such methods are brought to justice.
Rights of Citizen as a Victim
Victims are entitled access to the mechanisms of justice and to prompt redress as provided for by national legislation for the harm they have suffered.
Victims should be informed of their options for seeking redress through mechanism.
Victims should be informed of the steps they must take in proceedings, and also about the scope, timing and progress of the proceedings and of the disposition of their cases.
Measures should be taken to ensure the privacy and safety of victims from intimidation and retaliation.
Victims should be informed of the availability of health and social services and other relevant assistance.
Women's Rights :-
Every woman has a right to take legal action against any person who assaults or tries to outrage her modesty by any deliberate constant gesture or physical force (Sec. 354 of IPC).
Every woman has a right to lodge a complaint in the police station , if she is forced to have sexual intercourse against her will (Sec. 376 of IPC).
A woman has the right to lodge a complaint if she is being harassed, even teased and passed rude remarks in public places like buses, trains, roads etc. (Sec. 354 of IPC).
Every woman has a right to take legal action against her husband if she is being tortured both physical and mentally or tortured for not agreeing to the demand of money or valuables (Sec. 498(A) of IPC).
If the relations of the husband of a woman or her mother-in-law or any other relatives, torture her and demand money, valuable articles from her parents, she can lodge a complaint against them. (Sec. 498(A) of IPC).